As a born-again Christian, I’ve always heard the word “wheat” used frequently in the Bible. The significance of wheat in the Bible became more apparent when I began serving in the ministry because of how often it is addressed in the text.
The curiosity of knowing its deeper meaning got me asking, what does wheat symbolize in the Bible?
Wheat is used as a symbol for several concepts in the Bible, including fertility, abundance, prosperity, and nourishment. It frequently serves as a symbol of God’s favor and grace. The devoted and obedient disciples of God are also symbolized by wheat. This is because, according to Matthew 13:24–30, in the parable of the wheat and the tares, they are referred to as “the wheat” by Jesus. The Old and New Testaments frequently refer to it, regularly symbolizing God’s provision for His people. Overall, the Bible’s use of wheat signifies the importance of relying on God for provision and faithfulness.
Wheat is an important biblical symbol representing various ideas in the Old and New Testaments. In this article, I will look at the spiritual meaning of wheat and the cultural and historical background of the Bible’s mentions of it.
You will learn more about the significance of wheat in the Bible and its connection to God’s blessing and abundance. Read on to learn more about the importance of wheat in the Bible.
Where in the Bible does it mention wheat?
Wheat is mentioned in both the New and Old Testaments in the Bible. As ancient Israel’s leading staple food, grain is brought up severally in the Old Testament.
According to Deuteronomy 8:8, Canaan is the “land of wheat and honey.” This passage emphasizes how vital wheat is as a source of sustenance and how much of it is present in the Promised Land.
Genesis 41 is another book in the Old Testament that mentions wheat in the story where Joseph interprets the pharaoh’s dream. This narrative demonstrates how people stored and used wheat and other grains for survival during a famine.
In the new testament, Jesus describes a farmer who plants good seeds (wheat) in his land in the parable of the weeds.
This is found in Matthew 13:24-30, “Jesus presented another parable to them, saying, “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field. “But while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went away. “But when the wheat sprouted and bore grain, then the tares became evident also. “The slaves of the landowner came and said to him, ‘Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have tares?’ “And he said to them, ‘An enemy has done this!’ The slaves said to him, ‘Do you want us, then, to go and gather them up?’ “But he said, ‘No; for while you are gathering up the tares, you may uproot the wheat with them. ‘Allow both to grow together until the harvest; and in the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, “First gather up the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them up; but gather the wheat into my barn.” ’ ”
This parable focuses on the shared existence of good and evil and the last judgment that will differentiate between the two.
In Matthew 13:31-32, wheat is compared to God’s kingdom. Wheat is also mentioned in John 12:24, demonstrating the essential Christian belief of sacrifice and redemption.
How many times is wheat mentioned in the Bible?
The Bible speaks about wheat 63 times in total. The Old and New Testaments of the Bible contain multiple references to grain. In the Old Testament, wheat appears 44 times in different scriptures.
Examples of significant mentions are found in the books of Genesis, Ruth, Exodus, and 1 King. The Old Testament uses “chitah,” a Hebrew word, to describe wheat.
It appears 19 times in the New Testament, mainly in the Gospels. Some of the primary scriptures that stand out include John and Matthew. The New Testament uses “siton,” a Greek word, to describe wheat.
The references mainly relate to farming, eating, and parables that Jesus used to pass on spiritual principles. Wheat is mentioned in the Bible, emphasizing how crucial it was to the lives of people in society back then.
What does wheat represent in the Bible?
The Bible suggests that wheat primarily represents love and charity. Wheat also symbolizes Christ’s believers. Wheat represents negative and positive traits.
Wheat is a symbol of progressive love and generosity, and the field it grows in serves as a representation of the church.
The Bible frequently uses wheat to symbolize wealth, fertility, and abundance. As seen in the book of Deuteronomy 8:7-9, a land with milk, honey, and wheat fields was promised to the Israelites. “For the Lord your God is bringing you into a good land—a land with brooks, streams, and deep springs gushing out into the valleys and hills; a land with wheat and barley, vines and fig trees, l pomegranates, olive oil and honey; a land where bread will not be scarce and you will lack nothing; a land where the rocks are iron and you can dig copper out of the hills.”
Ruth is also rewarded with an abundance of wheat while gleaning in Boaz’s lots in the book of Ruth 2:17, “So Ruth gleaned in the field until evening. Then she threshed the barley she had gathered, and it amounted to about an ephah.”
In the Parable of the Sower, the Bible also utilizes wheat to represent maturity and growth. In Matthew 13:1-23, Jesus narrates a parable about a sower who spreads seeds on different kinds of soil, including fertile soil, where the seed grows into a wheat crop.
Wheat is occasionally used in the Bible to represent judgment and division. Jesus narrates a parable about a farmer who sowed good seeds in his field, but a rival came and scattered weeds in between the wheat.
The farmer told his workers to let the wheat and the weeds coexist while they grew until harvesting season, when the wheat would be brought to the barn, and the weeds were going to burn.
The various interpretations of wheat in the Bible serve as a reminder of the depth and complexity of the Bible and inspire us to seek a greater understanding of it.
What does wheat mean in Hebrew?
Wheat is known as “chitah,” in Hebrew. It is significant in the Hebrew language and customs. Modern Hebrew also uses the word “chitah” to refer to flour or wheat.
Wheat is an essential ingredient in Hebrew culture and is used to prepare several classic meals, like matzah and challah bread.
We are reminded of wheat grain’s cultural and historical importance in the Hebrew language and culture through its use in food.
In Hebrew culture, it is suggested that wheat signifies sacrifice. Wheat is implied to be the most common grain mentioned in the description of grain offerings in Leviticus 2 which states, “When anyone brings a grain offering as an offering to the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour. He shall pour oil on it and put frankincense on it.”
Wheat was sacrificed to express the Israelites’ devotion and reliance on God. It was to be offered without leaven.
Wheat is a symbol of blessing and abundance in Hebrew tradition. This is implied in Deuteronomy 8:7-9 where the Promised Land is described as a region that flows with honey and milk and has barley and wheat fields.
In this image, God’s provision for His people is highlighted in all its fullness and prosperity.
The word “chitah” is connected to the Hebrew word “chut,” which translates as “filament” or “thread.” Given that wheat develops from a tiny seed into a fully developed stalk, this link suggests that the crop symbolizes growth and development.
As Christians, we can appreciate the depth of the Hebrew cultural and linguistic diversity and use our comprehension of the symbols to enhance our understanding of God’s Word.
4 symbolic meanings of wheat in the Bible
The spiritual development of humanity
Wheat has supported human civilization for thousands of years, making it an important crop. Wheat is an important symbol in the Bible that represents the spiritual development of humanity.
In Matthew 13:23, Jesus discusses the various kinds of soil that the seed can fall on in the Parable of the Sower: “But the seed falling on good soil refers to someone who hears the word and understands it. This is the one who produces a crop, yielding a hundred, sixty or thirty times what was sown.”
Seeds sown in the fertile soil produced wheat and other crops.
This represents the people who hear the word of God and comprehend it, growing fruit and developing spiritually.
God’s love and provision
Wheat is a symbol of God’s love and the value of His provision, which is universal. The abundance of wheat is described as a picture of God’s favor and faithfulness to His followers in passages like Deuteronomy 8:8, “a land with wheat and barley, vines and fig trees, pomegranates, olive oil and honey” and Psalm 81:16, “But he would feed you with the finest of the wheat, and with honey from the rock I would satisfy you.”
Life and sustenance
Wheat is an indicator of life and sustenance in the Bible. Wheat is a common biblical symbol of abundance and blessings.
The narrative of Joseph, who was traded into slavery by his brothers and later rose to power in Egypt, demonstrates this point. Joseph preserved wheat and other cereals during a famine, enabling him to feed his family and the whole nation of Egypt.
The use of refined wheat by the psalmist also reflects the idea that God’s people will be blessed and happy. Ancient Israelites relied on it as a staple crop for survival, and it is still an essential component of food today.
The Christian religion implies that wheat symbolizes the Eucharist. In Luke 22:19, Jesus divided the bread and offered it to his followers at the Last Supper: “And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.””
Wheat is used to make the bread used in the Eucharist as a representation of the body of Christ, which was torn apart for our sins.
What does wheat mean in different cultures?
Various sources imply that wheat symbolized riches, fertility, and success in ancient Rome and Greece. Demeter, the goddess associated with agriculture and harvest, was also connected to it.
Wheat, which became a staple grain and supported their way of life, was seen by the Greeks as a gift from Demeter. It is implied that wheat was related to the goddess Ceres in Roman mythology, similar to Demeter.
Wheat is considered holy in numerous religious rituals and celebrations in Hinduism. It is thought to bring wealth and good luck and is frequently used as a sacrifice to the gods and goddesses.
The goddess Annapurna, a symbol of food and nourishment, is also suggested to be connected to wheat.
Wheat is believed to be connected to the harvest season in Chinese culture and is frequently used in traditional celebrations like the Spring festivals. Wheat is used to prepare many meals for these festivities, like dumplings.
What does dreaming about wheat mean in the Bible?
I was dreaming about yellow wheat
The Bible suggests that yellow wheat might represent wealth, abundance, and divine favors. It may also mean the results of one’s labor and the benefits of devotion and loyalty.
The Bible uses yellow wheat as a reassuring and uplifting symbol of God’s goodness and supply.
Dreaming about golden wheat
One of the most fortunate symbols in dreams is golden wheat. It suggests that you will be prosperous in everything you do. According to the Bible, gold is frequently linked to divine and spiritual blessings.
Dreaming about golden wheat could indicate a time of spiritual development, wealth, and favor from God. It may also represent the successful implementation of God’s promises and the benefits of loyally serving Him.
Dreaming about black wheat
According to the Bible, having black wheat in your dreams may signify loss, judgment, and shortage. It may also symbolize sin, despair, and grief. It could also indicate a challenging time in one’s life.
In the Bible, having a dream about black wheat signifies that you should turn away from sin and return to God for forgiveness and healing.
Dreaming about wheat flour
The Bible suggests that wheat flour in dreams can represent transformation, sustenance, and spiritual development. Wheat flour is the main component of bread, representing food and sustenance.
It may also signify that you need spiritual nourishment and should turn to God’s word for guidance, as seen in the book of John 6:35. The bible says, “Jesus said to them, I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never be hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty.”
In the Bible, wheat flour dreams are often seen as a good and uplifting representation of God’s providing and transforming ability.
Is dreaming about wheat a good or bad omen?
In Christianity, there is debate over whether having a wheat-related dream is a sign of excellent or terrible things to come. According to some Christians, the symbolism of wheat in dreams can vary depending on various circumstances, including context and personal relationships.
In the Bible, dreaming about wheat is typically regarded as a good omen, signifying ample supply, success, and God’s blessings.
Wheat is frequently used to illustrate God’s love and care for humanity. The state and color of the wheat, among other things, can affect how a dream about it is specifically interpreted.
Jesus uses the illustration of a sower spreading wheat seeds to symbolize the profusion of God’s supply and the spread of His Word.
This is found in Matthew 13:3–8, “A farmer went out to sow his seed. As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up. Some fell on rocky places, where it did not have much soil. It sprang up quickly, because the soil was shallow. But when the sun came up, the plants were scorched, and they withered because they had no root. Other seed fell among thorns, which grew up and choked the plants. Still other seed fell on good soil, where it produced a crop—a hundred, sixty or thirty times what was sown.”
A healthy golden wheat field in a person’s dream could be regarded as a sign of success and abundance. However, if the wheat is diseased or withered, it may be a sign of scarcity or a warning to manage one’s assets.
To fully comprehend a dream, it is necessary to look at the surrounding circumstances and any specific symbolism.
As a devout Christian, I have always been passionate about the Christian faith. This inspired me to pursue a degree in Religious studies and a Masters in Theology in college. I have also been privileged to teach 4 Christian courses in a college and university. Since I am dedicated to spreading the word of God, I am actively involved in the Church. Additionally, I share his word online and cover diverse topics on the Christian faith through my platform. You can read more about me on the about us page.