When were the books of Psalms written? (What was the purpose of writing Psalms?)

During a discussion among friends, one of my friends remarked on how the book of Psalms was among the longest in the Old Testament. He was curious to know when the Book was written.

His remark intrigued the rest of the group and they raised more concerns like why the book was written in the first place. Being an avid reader of this Book, I extensively studied it, its history, and its meaning.

So, I was more than happy to share my knowledge with them. Inspired by our discussion, I thought of sharing this information with those of you who may wonder the same thing.

So, when were the books of Psalms written?

Theological research indicates that the books of Psalms were written over a span of a thousand years. The oldest Psalm in the book by Moses is believed to have been written in 1500 BC. However, most of the Psalms are said to have been written around the time of David and Solomon, which was between 1010 to 930 BC.

In this article, I sample some of the details about the book of Psalms, such as what is thought to be the main purpose for writing this book.

I invite you to read on and find out many more mysteries about the Psalms.

What was the purpose of writing the Book of Psalms?

Many theologians agree that the book of Psalms was written as a guide to the Israelites on how to praise and worship God. They suggest that the Hebrew text initially labeled the collection of the Psalms as praises, which most teachers later designated as The Book of Praises.

The entire book of Psalms is seen to cover various times, situations, and seasons of life, such as peace, war, prosperity, insecurity, defeat, victory, and lament, among others.

All the Psalms are seen as a guide to the Israelites on how to praise God amidst the changing circumstances of life.

Who was the first author of Psalms?

Theologians think that Moses is the author of the first Psalm. The book of Psalms is believed to be a compilation of different songs written by different authors at different times.

Some of the stated authors of the Psalms include Moses, David, Solomon, the sons of Asaph, the sons of Korah, and Ethan the Ezrahite.

Among these known authors, Moses, to whom Psalms 90 is attributed, is seen as the earliest to exist. It is, however, important to note that the authors of several Psalms are not known, and it is, therefore, impossible to tell whether any of them were written before Moses.

How many authors did the Book of Psalms have?

Many theological researchers point to the fact that the exact number of authors of the Psalms is not known. As earlier implied, the Psalms were written by different authors at different times for different reasons.

David is believed to have written 73 of the Psalms, which is almost half of all the Psalms. The other known authors of the Psalms include Moses (Psalms 90), Solomon, the sons of Asaph, the sons of Korah, Heman, and Ethan.

The authors of sixty-one Psalms are not known. Therefore, it is not possible to tell exactly how many authors wrote the Psalms.

What are the themes covered in the Book of Psalms?

What was the purpose of writing Psalms?
What are the themes covered in the Book of Psalms? Image source: Pixabay

Several themes are portrayed across the one hundred and fifty Psalms. The classification of these themes can be wide and varied depending on the details one picks from the individual Psalms.

Some of the themes that are believed to be vivid include:

Trust in God

A big portion of the Psalms is seen to emphasize the need to fully trust God in every circumstance instead of focusing on the magnitude of the objects around.

It is also seen to portray God as able to handle any situation and rescue his own.

God the refuge

The Psalms also seem to show people that God is the ultimate safe refuge from all the troubles and scares of life.

Praise to God

The majority of the Psalms seem to encourage people to praise God amidst all circumstances. The posture of praise is depicted as a mandatory one that is not dictated by the prevailing situation.

The need for brokenness and repentance

The Psalms are also seen to emphasize the need for man to acknowledge their unworthiness before the Holy God. This calls them to always repent and be subject to God’s mercies.

What are the main points of the Psalm?

As seen in the preceding texts, many theologians state that the Book of Psalms was written mainly as a guide for praising and worshiping God.

It is seen that every Psalm, irrespective of the mood of the prevailing circumstances, contains an element of praising God.

We see that God deserves praise at all times and that in praise, he can rescue people, judge the enemies of his children, bless the obedient, and restore men.

Leave a Comment