Jesus Christ (Jesus’ life, teaching, miracles, and death)

The Bible tells us of the existence of a higher being who brought salvation to humanity. This topic is worth discussing since it covers the life, teachings, miracles, death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ. Read on to find out more!

Luke 2:1-7 describes how Jesus was born in a manger. He was dedicated to the temple at 12 years old and later baptized (Matthew 3: 13-17). He chose his disciples and preached the Gospel. Jesus was later betrayed, tried, tortured, and crucified (Matthew 27:27-37). On the third day, he rose from the dead and ascended into heaven after 40 days.

Who is Jesus Christ? How was Jesus born? What did his teachings entail? These are some of the questions that this article will address. One can also discover how Jesus ascended into heaven.

Table of Contents

Who is Jesus Christ?

Names and titles of Jesus

Jesus was called Jesus of Nazareth (Acts 10:38) or Jesus, son of Joseph (Luke 4:22). Mark 1:24 also refers to him as Jesus the Nazarene. He was called Jesus Christ (Romans 1:1). Christ is from the Greek word Christos which translates to the Hebrew term Meshiah (Messiah).

Is Jesus God? The Holy Trinity

The Bible suggests that Jesus is God, the Holy Spirit is God, and the Father is God. The Holy Trinity refers to one God existing in three persons. We can find examples of three distinct persons in the Trinity in 2nd Corinthians 13:14 and Matthew 28:19. The latter says, Go therefore and make disciples of all nations baptizing them in the name of the father and of the son and of the Holy Spirit.

The divinity of Jesus: Jesus as the son of God

The New Testament refers to Jesus as the divine son of God. God, the father, recognizes Jesus as his son, as explained in Matthew 17:5. When Angel Gabriel announced the birth of Jesus to Mary; he referred to him as the son of God (Luke 1:35). Additionally, the disciples acknowledged Jesus as the son of God after he walked on water (Matthew 14:33) Even the demons recognized Jesus as the son of God (Matthew 8:29)

The humanity of Jesus: Jesus as the son of man

The son of man is the main title that Jesus used when referring to himself. This title suggests that Jesus is human since he came in the flesh. 1st John 4:2 says, By this, you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God.

New Testament description of Jesus Christ

The New Testament described Jesus as the son of God. Many biblical scholars believe that the New Testament was written to create belief in Jesus Christ. This is explained in John 20:30-31 which says, Many other signs Jesus performed in the presence of his disciples that are not written in this book, but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God and that believing, you might have life in his name.

Old Testament prophecies about Jesus

Jesus came to fulfill the Old Testament prophecies. In Psalm 41:9, David talks about being betrayed by a friend. Jesus fulfilled this when Judas betrayed him (Matthew 26: 14-16). God told Isaiah that people would not understand what he was doing (Isaiah 6:9-10). Matthew 13:14-15 reveals that Jesus used parables to keep some observers from understanding his teachings. God promised that a virgin would conceive (Isaiah 7:14). Luke 1:27 says that Mary was a virgin.

Who did Jesus say he was?

In John 6:35, Jesus said that he was the bread of life to encourage people to come to him so that they may never go hungry. Jesus also said that he was the light of the world in John 8:12. Additionally, Jesus said that he was the gate for the sheep in John 10:7 and the good shepherd in John 10:11.

Jesus as the promised Messiah

The Old Testament predicts the coming of the Messiah, and Matthew 1:16 describes Jesus as the Messiah. Jesus fulfilled the requirements of the Messiah in that he was born in Bethlehem (Luke 2:4-7) as prophesied in Micah 5:2. The Bible implies that Jesus was the promised Messiah since he was a prophet like Moses as prophesied in Deuteronomy 18:18. He fulfilled this since he takes believers to heaven (John 14:1-3).

Meaning of Messiah in the bible

The term Messiah originates from a Hebrew word that means the chosen one, the anointed one, or Christ. The Messiah would be set apart from God, selected for a specific purpose. The word Messiah or Christ is used to refer to Jesus in Matthew 1:16.

Proof that Jesus is the Messiah

Genesis 49:10 predicted that the Messiah would be from the tribe of Judah. Luke 3:30 suggests that Jesus was a Hebrew from the tribe of Judah. Jesus also fits the description of the Messiah based on Isaiah 53:3 in that he suffered. This was fulfilled when Jesus died on the cross (John 19: 28-32). His resurrection, mentioned in (Isaiah 52:13) is also proof that Jesus is the Messiah since he fulfilled this (1st Corinthians 15:4).

The Birth of Jesus - Nativity Story Bible Verses & Meaning
Jesus Christ’s birth

Jesus Christ’s birth?

Genealogy and heritage of Jesus

Matthew 1:1-17 records the origin of Jesus, the son of David, the son of Abraham, and continues on until Jacob begot Joseph, who was the father of Jesus. Luke 3:23-38 mentions Jesus being the son of Joseph and Joseph being the son of Heli. It continues on until Adam, the son of God. Jesus had a Jewish heritage since he kept the Jewish law (Luke 2:39) and his mother, Mary, was a descendant of King David.

Mary and Joseph

According to Matthew 2, Jesus was born to Mary and Joseph. Though Joseph was the father of Jesus, legally, the bible suggests that Mary was a virgin when Jesus was conceived. This is because she got pregnant by the Holy Spirit (Luke 1:35). Joseph obeyed God without question when an angel told him that Mary was already pregnant. Joseph worked as a carpenter.

The birth of Jesus

When the time of giving birth was near, Joseph and Mary traveled to Bethlehem. When they got to Bethlehem, they did not get a place to stay since the inns were full. They settled in a stable with animals. Mary experienced labor, and Jesus was born in a manger. (Luke 2:1-7)

Bethlehem when Jesus was born

The Roman emperor had given an order that a record of all people be taken in their hometown. So, Mary and Joseph had to travel back to Bethlehem for the census. Bethlehem was Joseph’s ancestral home. Micah prophesied that from Bethlehem shall come forth one who was to rule Israel (Micah 5:2).

The shepherds and angels when Jesus was born

Luke 2:8 says that the shepherds lived out nearby, keeping watch of their flocks at night.

An angel of the Lord appeared to them and told them of the born Messiah lying in a manger. They went to Bethlehem and saw baby Jesus. When the shepherds returned, they went glorifying and praising God for what they had heard and seen.

The star and the wise men

After Jesus was born, the wise men from the east followed a guiding star to Bethlehem to visit Jesus. Matthew 2:2 says, “And they asked, where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star when it rose and have come to worship him”.

The Teachings of Jesus Christ | ComeUntoChrist
Life, Ministry, and teachings of Jesus

Life, Ministry, and teachings of Jesus

Early life and education of Jesus

Luke 2:40 mentions that Jesus grew strong and the grace of God was upon him. His parents took him to Jerusalem every year for the Festival of the Passover. Though the bible does not mention his education, it suggests that he developed unique abilities at an early age. During the Passover, Jesus was left behind in the temple courts, where he sat with the teachers. Everyone that heard him was amazed by his wisdom.

The baptism of Jesus

Matthew 3: 13-17 says that when Jesus was baptized, heaven opened, and the Holy Spirit descended upon him in the form of a dove. A voice was heard from heaven saying, this is my son, whom I love, and with him, I am well pleased. Jesus was baptized not because he had sinned but because he was fulfilling his father’s wishes.

The disciples of Jesus

Luke 6:12-13 narrates how Jesus called his first disciples. His disciples gave up everything to follow him. The disciples were named Simon Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James, Thaddeus, Simon, and Judas Iscariot (Matthew 10: 2-4). Jesus spent three years training them to be leaders.

The beginning of Jesus’ ministry

Luke 3:23 says that Jesus began his public ministry at the age of 30. He left Jordan, and the Holy Spirit led him to the wilderness, where he was tempted by the devil (Luke 4:1-2). After forty days, he went to Galilee, where he began preaching and recruiting his disciples. The first miracle that Jesus performed as he began his ministry was at the Wedding at Cana (John 2:1-12).

Texts Jesus used during his public ministry

Mark 1:14-1 says, Jesus came to Galilee preaching of the Kingdom of God and saying, The time is fulfilled, and the Kingdom of God is at hand, repent and believe in the Gospel. Jesus also said, No one can come to me unless the father who sent me draws him (John 6:44)

The teachings of Jesus Christ

One of the most fundamental teachings of Jesus Christ is Love. He told his followers to Love God (Mark 12:30) and to love their neighbors in Mark 12:31. Jesus also emphasized the importance of forgiveness (Matthew 6:14). Jesus also taught salvation comes through believing in him( John 4:6).

The parables of Jesus

Jesus used parables to illustrate spiritual truth. Some of the parables described the Kingdom of heaven, like the lamp on the stand (Mark 4:21) and the sower and the seed (Matthew 13:1-23). He also illustrated how God responds to those who stray through parables like the Pharisee and the tax collector (Luke 18:9-14) and the lost sheep (Matthew 18:10-14).

Challenges Jesus went through during his public ministry

The teachers of the law accused him of being possessed by Beelzebub (Mark 3:20-22). He also faced disbelief from his own brothers (John 7:5). Luke 4:16-30 also explains that when Jesus declared who he was in the synagogue, his own neighbors and friends were so upset that they wanted to kill him.

Palm Sunday. What is Palm Sunday? | by Saleena Sanjeeva | Medium
The beginning of the Holy Week

The beginning of the Holy Week

Jesus’ triumphant entry into Jerusalem

Matthew 21:1-17 narrates how Jesus rose into Jerusalem on the back of a donkey’s colt. His followers spread their cloaks on the donkey so that Jesus would sit on it. Many people came out to welcome him, and they lay before him branches of palm trees and their cloaks.

His purpose was to make everyone know that he was the King of Israel. He fulfilled an Old Testament prophecy recorded in Zechariah 9:9, which talks of a king coming riding on a donkey.

The Lord’s supper

Jesus celebrated the Lord’s supper with his disciples on the First day of the Festival of the unleavened bread. Matthew 26-17-18 says that he sent his disciples to a certain man to borrow a room for them to celebrate the occasion. When the evening came, and they were eating, Jesus told his disciples that one of them would betray him. Jesus took bread, broke it, and gave it to them, saying, Take and eat; this is my body. He took a cup and gave it to them, saying, drink from it, all of you. This is my blood of the covenant.

What was the significance of the last supper?

The last supper was a Passover dinner, and the Jewish people used to commemorate it. Jesus told his disciples the drink was his blood of the covenant, which was poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins (Matthew 26: 27-28).

Jesus also told the disciples to do this in remembrance of me (Luke 22:19). Paul explains in 1st Corinthians 11:26 that doing this meant that they were proclaiming the Lord’s death until his return.

What happened during the transfiguration of Jesus?

Matthew 17:1-3 says that Jesus took Peter, James, and John and brought them to a high mountain. And was transfigured before them, and his face did shine as the sun, and his clothes were white as the light. And behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elijah talking with him.

Then Peter asked Jesus if he could put up three shelters, one for him, one for Elijah, and the other one for Moses. He wanted to experience the glory for a bit longer but this was not God’s plan. Then a cloud appeared and covered them, and a voice said. This is my son, whom I love. Listen to him. Suddenly Moses and Elijah disappeared and Jesus told them not to tell anyone what they had witnessed.

How is the transfiguration of Jesus related to Jesus’ crucifixion?

The transfiguration occurred about a week after Jesus had told his disciples of his death and resurrection (Luke 9:22). The transfiguration is related to Jesus’ crucifixion since both Moses and Elijah spoke of Jesus’ death, which was soon to happen.

Moses was the giver of the law, while Elijah was the greatest prophet. The fact that these two spoke of Jesus’s departure, which he was about to accomplish, illustrates that the Prophets and the law point forward to the Messiah and the sufferings that he was about to experience during the crucifixion.

Betrayal and arrest of Jesus

Betrayal and arrest of Jesus

The denial of Jesus

During the Last Supper, Jesus said that Peter would deny knowledge of him but Peter could not believe it. After Jesus was arrested, Peter denied knowing him three times. Luke 18:25 says, Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. So they said to him. You also are not one of the disciples, are you? He denied it and said, “I am not.”

After he had denied Jesus the third time, the rooster crowed, and he remembered Jesus’ prediction about it. Jesus had told him, Before the rooster crows today, you will deny me three times. And he went out and cried bitterly. He later repented and continued with God’s work.

Events before the betrayal of Jesus

The final night of Jesus’ life on earth began with him celebrating the Last Supper with his disciples. It was during this celebration that he washed his disciples’ feet and announced that one of them would betray him (John 13:1-20). After they finished eating, Jesus introduced a new ordinance that they should follow.

They went to Mount of Olives while Judas went to arrange the betrayal. Jesus went a bit further from his disciples and prayed about the events that were about to happen. After Jesus and the rest of the disciples finished praying, Judas arrived with the soldiers.

Reasons for Jesus’ betrayal

Jesus anticipated that Judas would betray him in Luke 22: 21. According to Luke 22:3, Judas betrayed Jesus out of Satan’s influence. This verse says, Then Satan entered Judas, one of the twelve. Some Biblical scholars believe that Jesus’s betrayal would allow God’s plan to be achieved since he had to be arrested, tried, and crucified. Others believe that greed also contributed to Jesus’ betrayal. Matthew 26:15 mentions that Judas betrayed Jesus in exchange for thirty pieces of silver.

The arrest of Jesus

When Judas approached Jesus with the soldiers, he kissed him so that they would recognize him. And Jesus asked, Judas, are you betraying the son of man with a kiss? (Luke 22:48). Jesus did not resist his arrest, although one of his disciples tried to stop them with a sword.

He cut off the ear of the officers. Luke 22:51 says that Jesus healed the wound. Jesus told Peter to put his sword away. He criticized the officers who had come to arrest him, saying, Am I leading a rebellion that you have come with swords and clubs? (Luke 22:52)

The trial of Jesus

The trial of Jesus

Trials of Jesus before the Jews

When Jesus was arrested, he was first tried by Jewish officials. A group of Jewish religious leaders led by Caiaphas tried him (Matthew 26:57). During questioning, Jesus said that the Jews considered him a blasphemer. The Jewish authorities were angry with Jesus since they claimed that he had challenged their authority and was reinterpreting Jewish law.

They also claimed that Jesus was breaking the law since he healed people on a Sabbath and accused him of claiming to be the Messiah. This claim made them conclude that Jesus was preparing a rebellion that would endanger the relationship between them and the Roman authorities.

Trials of Jesus before the Romans

The Jewish authorities transferred the case to the Romans since they could not charge him. Pontius Pilate, the governor, tried Jesus (John 18:28). When Jesus was brought before the Roman authorities, he was charged with forbidding people to pay taxes, inciting a riot, and claiming to be the King. Pilate summoned Jesus and asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” (John 18:33).

Pilate sent him to Herod (Luke 23:7). Herod ridiculed Jesus, but he sent him back to Pilate to avoid political liability. Pilate went out to the Jews who had gathered and told them that he did not find any basis to charge Jesus. He asked them who they wanted to be released between Jesus and Barabbas. They chose, and so Jesus was crucified.

Was Jesus’ trial fair?

Many Biblical scholars believe that his trial was not fair due to different reasons. The Jewish ruling authority Had already plotted to kill Jesus even before he was tried. In John 11:49, Caiaphas said that it was necessary for Jesus to die for the entire nation. Jesus’s trial was also not fair since the Jewish ruling authority tried this capital case at night which was against the law.

Matthew 26:69 says, Now the chief priests and the elders and all the council sought false witness against Jesus to put him to death. The trial was also unfair since they did not consider Jesus’ testimony. Jesus said that he was the Messiah, and those trying him did not consider the possibility that he was telling the truth.

Who was responsible for Jesus’ death? Jews or Romans

Both the Jews and the Romans were responsible for Jesus’ death. The Romans had a role to play in that they were the ones that crucified Jesus (Matthew 27: 27-37). Crucifixion was a Roman method of execution authorized by the Roman governor Pilate.

The Jews were also responsible for Jesus’ death since they were the ones who chose Barabbas to be released instead of Jesus (Matthew 27:21). When Jesus was being tried before Pilate, it was the Jews that kept on shouting, Crucify, crucify him (Luke 27:21) Peter confirmed that it was the men of Israel that put Jesus to death as explained in Acts 2:22- 24. The Bible suggests that Jesus’ death was a conspiracy involving the Jews, Romans, and Herod.

Jesus’ crucifixion and death

Jesus’ crucifixion and death

The scourging of Jesus: Roman Scourging

John 18:1 implies that the Romans scourged Jesus, following the orders of Pontius Pilate. The punishment was done with a whip that consisted of pieces of lead balls and metal.

Isaiah prophesied the torment that Jesus would endure, as recorded in Isaiah 53:5. Though the Bible is not clear on the number of lashes that Jesus received, it suggests that the scourging is not what killed him.

The crucifixion of Jesus

The soldiers mocked Jesus and clothed him in a purple robe. They put a crown of thorns on his head and then led him to Mount Calvary. Simon of Cyrene helped him carry the cross since Jesus was in so much pain. When they got to Golgotha, they stripped him and nailed him to the cross. Jesus hung in pain on the cross as the soldiers divided his garments and cast lots for his robe (Matthew 27: 27-37).

The two thieves

Mark 15:27 mentions that Jesus was crucified alongside two rebels who had sinned. One of the criminals who hung next to Jesus rebuked him and asked, “Aren’t you the Messiah? Save yourself and save us!

The other thief said that they were being punished justly, but Jesus was innocent. He asked Jesus to remember him when he came into the kingdom. And Jesus answered him, Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise (Luke 23:32-43).

Jesus’ last words

Jesus’ last words were, “Father, into your hands; I commit my spirit!” (Luke 23:46). Though Jesus willingly gave his life, this was not easy. The Bible mentions him praying about it before he was arrested. He asked his father to take this cup of suffering away from him but still asked for God’s will to be done (Luke 22:42). Before his last words, Jesus said, “It is finished!” (John 19:30)

The death of Jesus

Matthew 27: 45-54 mentions that darkness filled the land. Jesus cried, saying, “My God, My God, why have you forsaken me.” Jesus then cried in a loud voice, and he gave up his spirit and died. The curtain at the temple was torn into two, and the earth shook, and the rocks split. The graves opened, and God’s people came back to life. The soldiers were terrified and said, “he really was the son of God.”

Where did Jesus go after he died?

Though people have different theories regarding where Jesus went after he died, the Bible suggests that he went to paradise. Jesus told the believing thief on the cross, “Truly, I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise.” (Luke 23:43). Biblical scholars believe that Jesus meant that he would be in heaven, which is paradise.

The resurrection of Jesus

The resurrection of Jesus

How long after his death did Jesus resurrect?

Jesus predicted that he would be in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights (Matthew 12:40). On the other hand, Luke 24:46 says, He told them that it was written, The Messiah will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day. Though these seem like a contradiction, the Gospel writers were not always precise in terms of time. Additionally, timing during the ancient times is not similar to modern timing.

Meaning and significance of Jesus’ resurrection

Jesus’ resurrection brought about Christianity. Paul said that if Christ had not been raised, then our faith would be in vain (1st Corinthians 15:14). Jesus’ resurrection means that his sacrificial death was enough to save us from our sins.

Jesus’ resurrection also signifies that death is defeated (Acts 2:24). His resurrection also confirms that the scripture is true.

Things to know about the resurrection of Jesus

John 20: 14-16 shows that women, including Mary Magdalene, were the first to witness the resurrection of Jesus. After Jesus was resurrected, there were many other witnesses, including the men on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24 34-35). 1st Corinthians 15:6 says that he appeared to more than five hundred people. Christians should also know that the resurrection of Jesus set us free from the curse of the law (Galatians 3:13-14).

How is Jesus’ resurrection connected to Easter Sunday?

Easter Sunday is the day that believers celebrate Jesus’ resurrection. Some people believe that Easter is the same as the Passover, which was celebrated by the Jewish (1st Corinthians 5:7). Christians celebrate Easter to remember how Jesus conquered death and brought eternal life (John 5:24). They also celebrate Easter since the holiday recognizes that one can die to their old way of living and resurrect into a new life with Jesus.

What did Jesus do after his resurrection?

After Jesus was resurrected, he appeared to people like Mary Magdalene Cleopas and a companion and to 10 of the Apostles. Acts 1:2-3 implies that Jesus continued to teach and instruct after his resurrection. Matthew 28:19 says, therefore, go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Jesus was instructing them to continue spreading the Good News.

How long did Jesus stay on earth after his resurrection?

Acts 1:3 states that Jesus stayed on earth for 40 days after his resurrection. This verse says, After his suffering, he presented himself to them and gave many convincing proofs that he was alive. He appeared to them over a period of 40 days and spoke about the kingdom of God. After this period was over, he ascended into heaven (Acts 1:9).

The timeline of the Holy week 2023

DayEventBible verses
Sunday (2nd April)
  • Jesus makes the triumphal entry into Jerusalem
  • John 12: 12
Monday (April 3rd)
  • Jesus leaves Bethany and goes back to Jerusalem
  • He curses a fig tree
  • Purified the temple
  • Matthew 21:12-17
  • Mark 11:12-14
Tuesday (April 4ths)
  • Jesus leaves Bethany and returns to Jerusalem
  • Finds the fig tree wither and teaches his followers on faith
  • Matthew 21:20
  • Luke 20: 36
Wednesday (April 5th)
  • Jesus stays in Bethany in anticipation of Passover
No record in the Bible
Thursday (April 6)
  • Jesus breaks bread and gives the disciples wine
  • Jesus prays in a garden
  • Judas comes with a mob to arrest Jesus
  • Luke 22:1
  • Matthew 26: 17-75
  • Mark 14: 12-53
Friday (April 7)
  • Jesus is tried before Sanhedrin
  • He is then taken to be tried by the Roman governor
  • Jesus is mocked, tortured and crucified
  • Jesus dies and is buried
  • John 18: 13
  • Luke 22:54-71
  • John 19:1-42
Saturday (April 8th)
  • Pilate seals the tomb of Jesus
  • Matthew 27:66
Sunday (April 9th)
  • Jesus rises from the dead and appears to different people
  • Matthew 28:1-13
The Ascension of Jesus

The Ascension of Jesus

What did Jesus do on the day of his ascension?

Jesus led the disciples to Bethany and instructed them to remain in Jerusalem until the Holy Spirit came. He then lifted up his hands and blessed them. And while blessing them, he left them and was taken up into heaven. (Luke 24:51).

Meaning and significance of Jesus’ ascension into heaven

Jesus’s ascension signified the end of his ministry on earth. It also signifies the success of his work on earth since he had accomplished what he came to do. His ascension indicated the beginning of his new task as a High priest, as explained in Hebrews 4:14-16.

Did Jesus become fully divine during his ascension?

Luke 24:51 suggests that Jesus’ ascension involved a bodily return to heaven. Though he rose from the ground gradually while being observed by his followers, he did not become fully divine since he physically ascended. However, some people argue that the fact that he rose from the ground shows some of his heavenly powers were back.

Jesus’ commission to his disciples on the day of his ascension

Matthew 28:18-20 mentions that as Jesus was getting ready to ascend to heaven, he commanded his disciples to go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them and teaching them to observe what he had taught them. He was asking them to spread the gospel to all nations so that more people could receive salvation.

Jesus sends the Holy Spirit.

Acts 2 says that the disciples heard a violent wind from heaven. They saw a flame of fire that rested on each of them and was filled with the Holy Spirit. They began speaking in tongues. Peter reminded the disciples how Jesus promised them a special comforter that would give them strength and wisdom. This was the Holy Spirit.

The gifts of the Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit gave believers unique skills to serve God. 1st Corinthians 12:8-10 mentions that the gifts of the Holy Spirit are speaking and interpreting in tongues, discerning of spirits, prophecy, miracles, healing, faith, knowledge, and wisdom. These gifts were a sign of God empowering Christians to do what he called them to do (2nd Peter 1:3).

Timeline of Jesus’ life, death, and Resurrection

Preparatory Period (4 B.C. -26 A.D.)Age estimate
The Birth of Jesus0
Jesus in the Temple12
Life in Nazareth12- 29
Early Ministry (26- 27 A.D.) 
Baptism, Being tempted by the devil30
Began preaching30
Period of Gaining fame in Galilee (27- 29 A.D.) 
Jesus rejected by Nazareth31
Sermon on the Mount31
Preaching and performing miracles in Galilee31
Period of Opposition (29- 30 AD) 
The transfiguration32
Departure from Galilee32
Return to Jerusalem32
Final week (30 AD) 
The Triumphant entry33
The Passover33
Jesus is arrested, crucified and dies33
The resurrection and ascension33
Repentance and Salvation

Following Jesus: Repentance and Salvation

What does it mean to follow Jesus?

Jesus said that whoever wanted to be his disciple had to deny themselves and take up their cross every day and follow him (Luke 9:23). Following Jesus means striving to be like Him and allowing the Holy Spirit to guide you.

Baptism when following Jesus

Following Jesus involved obeying his commands. One way we can follow him is by receiving salvation. Mark 16:16 says that He who believes and is baptized will be saved. Every believer who wants to follow Jesus should get baptized since it is how one identifies with Jesus. Even Jesus was baptized.

The Holy Communion

Communion is derived from 1st Corinthians 10:16, which mentions taking the cup, which represents the blood of Jesus, and the bread, which represents his body. In participating in the holy communion, Christians acknowledge the death and resurrection of Jesus.


Discipleship means accepting, following Christ, and spreading the good news of salvation. The Bible teaches Christians should make disciples of others (Matthew 28:19) by urging them to repent and believe in Jesus.

Evangelism and missions of Jesus’ followers

Jesus’ followers are called to announce God’s work of redemption. 1st Corinthians 16:24 suggests that the mission of Jesus’s followers is to declare his glory among the nations; his marvelous works among all the people. Evangelism involves proclaiming the gospel amd working with non-believers until they accept the gospel.

Faith and salvation

Ephesians 2:8 suggests people are saved by grace through faith. Romans 5:10 tells us that the salvation that Jesus secured when he died and was resurrected is the one that reconciled a believer with God. During salvation, one must believe that Jesus came to deliver them from sin. Believing in his grace and believing that his goodness endures forever is where faith comes in.

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